5 Most Common Household Allergens

Most common household allergies.

I will mention the very common causes of allergic reactions within our own houses as part of a simple process of identification, elimination and cure.

I) Dust

Dust is a very common problem in every house but worse for people living next to busy roads. Somehow you find that dust settles back even the next day after a good clean. On its own it is completely harmless but when it mixes up with the many pollutants around us then it becomes a problem.

These pollutants can be particles from dead insects, dust mites and even skin off our pets.

Symptoms of a dust allergy may include,

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Red itchy eyes
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Tightness of the chest
  • Itching

Symptoms can be minimised or eliminated through the use of vacuum cleaners fitted with HEPA filters, dump wiping of dusty areas instead of using a feather duster and doing proper periodic cleans.

II) Pollen

Pollen comes from trees, flowers and grass. Over the flowering season this pollen is blown all over by the wind or transmitted by animals and insects and so we clearly cannot avoid contact.

Pollen allergy symptoms

  1. Itching and swelling of the skin. (can be life threatening and requires a fast response)
  2. Nasal congestion
  3. Runny, watery eyes, and itching.

To help manage your pollen allergy you will require treatment so it is best to see your doctor about it.

III) Food

The most common food allergens include eggs, shellfish, soy, wheat, nuts and milk.

Symptoms may include

  1. Tingling or itching in the mouth
  2. A raised itchy rash
  3. Swelling of face, mouth or other parts of the body.
  4. Difficulty swallowing
  5. Wheezing

Treatment includes the use of antihistamines for mild to moderate reactions and adrenaline for more serious reactions. If you know that a certain food causes an allergic reaction in you then the best treatment is abstinence.

IV) Pet allergy

Pet allergy can come from their hair, urine, saliva and sweat and symptoms will be very similar those of dust allergies.

This type of allergy can be minimised through good cleaning practices, avoid having your pets in your bedrooms, probably avoid wall to wall carpets as they tend to hold more waste as opposed to clear vinyl, wooden or tiles floors.

V) Mould

Mould develops in wet and humid places especially around winter when we tend to keep heating on. Condensation that forms around windows supports the growth of mould spores that in turn spreads causing allergic symptoms such as wheezing, coughing and even asthma.


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